Native Language

National identity and moral values of every nation are immortalized and developed by its language.

It is a big fault for the nation not to know and not to value its native language.   

Every nation is formed by its language.

Heydar Aliyev

Azerbaijani language is the official language of the Republic of Azerbaijan and the mean of communication for 9 million population of the country (2010).

Azerbaijani is also the native language for 20 million Azerbaijanis residing in the Islamic Republic of Iran. Several millions of Azerbaijanis live in Russia, USA, Turkey and Western Europe. Irrespective of the residence, Azerbaijanis still understand each other very easily. More than 30 millions of people worldwide speak Azerbaijani.

Genealogically, Azerbaijani language belongs to the Turkic group of languages and, together with closely associated Turkish, Turkmen and Gagauz languages, forms the southwestern group of Turkic languages.

Azerbaijani language is one of the ancient languages that have passed through a long path of development. Regarding the Kitabi-Dede Gorgud epos as a verbal pattern of our literature, the age of the language serving the people as a mean of communication can exceed 1300 years. Some materials point out that the history of the written literary language of Azerbaijan goes back to the 13th century.

Heydar Aliyev, who always attached a great importance to the native language and had a perfect knowledge of that, taking into consideration the situation at the turn of the new period of the development of the state language, signed the Decree "On the improvement of measures for the use of the state language" on June 18, 2001.

Reflecting the achievements of the language through the path of development, the Decree also mentions problems in the sphere of the official language and ways to solve them.

Today,  Azerbaijani alphabet based on the Latin script is used in Azerbaijan.